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Parenting After Patriarchy
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Parenting After Patriarchy

 

 

Éric Laurent


What do we mean when we talk about contemporary parent-ing today? Which version of contemporary are we referring to in terms of parenthood? This question can be answered descriptively, demographically, or from a psychoanalytic perspective. From a descriptive standpoint, a recent study sheds light on profound transformations.1 Although the French case is unique and cannot be generalized to the entire planet, it highlights trends that are taking place globally. The fundamental point lies in the integration of scienti? c knowl-edge with the evolving ways of forming families, facilitated by the new freedoms granted by laws promoting gender par-ity and equality.


The progress of medicine has increased life expec-tancy by 11 years over the past 50 years, reaching 82.5 years with a reduced gap between men and women. Therefore, the population is aging. Those under 20 years old represent only a quarter of the population. There are fewer children, and they are being born later. The average age for women to have their fi rst child has increased by 4.5 years to an average of 28.7 years, and the fertility rate is slightly decreasing, al-though it is higher than the European average. One-third of women become mothers after the age of thirty. These chang-es are due to the widespread use of contraception. The tradi-tional form of union, marriage, is becoming less prevalent. The majority of children are born out of wedlock, account-ing for 58.6%. These children are predominantly recog-nized by their fathers, with only 4% not being acknowl-edged. Therefore, paternity remains a functioning legal instrument. There are fewer marriages, with many of them being remarriages, and the number of divorces has multi-plied by 3.5. However, marriage is supplemented by other forms of union, including same-sex couples, civil solidarity pacts (PACS) since 1999, and marriage for all since 2013...

 

 

 

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